Want to help your primary school kids write a compelling piece of Chinese composition? 

It is a common misconception that students weak in Chinese skills have to be rigid in their writing. 

Inevitably, there are certain rules for writing that pupils need to stick to, such as the following grammar to form grammatically correct sentences

However, when rules are being followed too firmly, the writing gets stale and… boring. 

It’s understandable that students with weaker Chinese language skills feel the fear of making mistakes in their writing, whether it’s featuring phrases and idioms, or putting a twist to the story, that’s why they cling on to a certain template when writing. 

Better to be safe than sorry, right? 

There’s no shame in feeling the fear—as long as they try hard to improve. Improving feels good, and is logically more important than chasing after grades. 

We share the following writing tricks and techniques to load the power of your child’s composition, but note that they shouldn’t be prescriptive. 

How to write a logically structured Chinese composition 

Good content needs a good structure to stand out.

No one can tell students the exact details on how to put together a piece of writing, but once they get to grips with how they’re meant to construct them, it’s simple. 

The objective of writing any composition is to show that the student can think critically about the topic or theme at hand. 

Think of structure as the skeleton of a piece of writing. It is the bones that are connected to form a strong bedrock upon where the writer builds something imaginable and distinctive. 

Read on to find out what it means to construct a successful structure for writing. 

#1 Coherence from beginning to ending 

Key takeaway: Writing has to make complete sense from 开头 to 结尾. 

Here’s how to test it: Remove everything in between 开头 and 结尾 to check if they’re in harmony. 

Every part of the writing, especially the beginning and the ending, should be like a family: Tied by unbreakable bonds. 

Unity ties the entire writing together, whether it’s looping back and forth or blending the scenes from beginning to the end. 






Through the writing, the reader has to see that the thoughts of the writer are unfolded poetically yet clearly enough to lead the reader from one notion to the next until its conclusion. 

For a piece of composition, the student’s challenge is to convince the reader that whatever that’s written is real. 

But having too many descriptive or narrative breaks the truthfulness, so forming a sturdy structure is one of the lightest ways to achieve that goal.

8 Tips To Improve Chinese Composition In Primary School


#2 Firm conclusion at the ending (卒章显志)

Key takeaway: There should be a solid opinion at the ending of the writing to represent what the entire composition is about. 

Here’s how to test it: Isolate the ending part and read it to check if it’s understandable, even without the support of the rest of the essay.

As mentioned earlier, writing a composition is to test the student’s critical and logical thinking skills. 

At the end of the day, the conclusion of the Chinese composition should be a related thought that grows out of the body, revealing the student’s profound understanding of the topic, and also an indication that they’re capable of having a voice of their own. 

Format of the conclusion need not be complicated. It can be almost a restatement of the opening paragraph.

A great example would be from Chinese writer, 鲁迅:

[故乡] 鲁迅


7 Expert-Approved Primary School Chinese Composition Writing Examples


Great techniques to write stronger, better characters

While the plot is important, good characters can make or break writing

Creating believable characters that are real, tangible, and complex is certainly easier said than done. And it’s also imperative. 

But it’s not all that perplexing as it seems. What’s an easy way to do it? Guide students to take inspiration from the people around them! 

Parents, grandparents, classmates… These are ready-made characters that they can effortlessly expand on. 

Once they have an image of the characters that they can build on, they can then move on to work on the description. 

#1 Develop characters’ relationships 

There are countless ways to craft a strong character. 

So why do we share with you about developing relationships revolving around the character? 

Students can go ahead and describe a character’s appearance and actions as specific as possible, but it doesn’t give as much depth and distinctiveness to the character as writing how important they are to other characters in the story. 

Although character description can be somewhat useful, it tends to get redundant when not controlled well. 

A strong character is a product of relationships and his or her environment. 

Always link relationships back to showcase the importance of the main character. A simple example would be that people will be quite upset if the protagonist is injured.

A good daily practice would be letting your kid spend time thinking about fictional characters and creating relationships among them. Be as free and creative as possible! They’ll then see opportunities to develop characters far more real and vivid than they ever imagined. 

#2 Write about their mental activities

Show, don’t tell”: any writer can tell you the significance of this simple phrase.

Writing about a person’s deepest thoughts, bad habits, accidental deeds, dialogues, or even their eyes, smile or tears tells a lot about the character as if the account is not of ink-and-paper creatures but of flesh-and-blood people. 

Make characters have a mind of their own. Let them challenge their own thoughts and feelings. Do they have a desire? Add it in! Do they yearn for something badly? Write it down. 

They may appear as flaws which may ‘spoil’ the story, especially in a story where the protagonist is meant to be the ‘hero’. 

But no one is perfect. 

Don’t be afraid to give characters some flaws. Flaws make a human. Flaws make a story real. Flaws give the characters a chance to do something out of the norm, which may, in turn, surprises the reader. Remember: readers love a story that has life. 


There we have it: adding a natural flow to a Chinese composition using a logical structure and strong characters! 

But we’re not quite done yet. Hold on tight as we continue the topic next month on how to write situational compositions and scenic descriptions. 

Need professional help on teaching primary school Chinese composition to your kids? Our online live lessons are interesting and interactive where students can have fun while learning how to write. Hurry and sign up for a free trial lesson now! 


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For PSLE Chinese composition, there’ll be two options⁠—命题作文 and 看图作文⁠—for students to choose the one that they’d like to work on.

Planning before writing is crucial: here are some basic steps that students can follow before they start writing. 


  1. Choose great idioms, phrases and vocab that you think will fit the theme
  2. Make sentences
  3. Glue everything together


  1. Look at the photos
  2. Choose great idioms, phrases and vocab that you think will fit the theme
  3. Make sentences
  4. Glue everything together

Also, we’ve included the past PSLE Chinese composition topics from the year 2000 to 2017 for your reference. 

Adding Natural Flow To Primary School Chinese Composition Part 1: Structure and Characters